In microbiology, laboratory incubators play a key role. Several biotech and microbiology breakthroughs depend highly on incubators as the device helps them create the environment needed for cell culturing.
The Use of Laboratory Incubators
Essentially, incubators are devices that are designed to recreate the ideal habitat for microbes to thrive. Microorganisms like fungi, bacteria, and viruses are very sensitive to their surroundings and will only thrive under certain conditions.
Knowing the behavior of these microbes is important since they tend to cause illnesses and other conditions that can affect the health and well-being of both humans and animals.
As devices that are used to establish an environment for culture, laboratory incubators provide cells with constant humidity, CO2, O2, and temperature. Regulating the temperature is done using air jackets or water jackets.
On the other hand, humidity is kept constant using fans and water baths that allow CO2 circulation. Some lab incubators are combined with hybridisation or mixing in certain features like incubator shakers. Other common features of similar incubators, include:
- Prevents evaporator of media and desiccation of samples
- Prevents contamination
- Easy decontamination
- Variable oxygen control
- Humidity, temperature, and CO2 control
Aforementioned features are considered key considerations since they can drastically affect the environment they want to achieve.
Laboratory incubators also have a variety of other functions that are related to cell culture. For example, shaking incubators are designed to add movement to mix cultures. Gas incubators on the other hand work to regulate the internal gas composition in the cell culture environment.
Laboratory incubators typically have a redundant power source. This ensures that experiments being conducted inside are not disrupted during power outages. Laboratory incubators also come in various sizes—from floor models (warm rooms) that can accommodate large samples to small tabletop ones.